ACT works through a number of processes or skills that are developed in therapy and through practice. The key ways in which
ACT has been shown to help to reduce psychological suffering are by improving:
present moment awareness
acceptance (or willingness to experience emotions)
defusion (or letting go of unhelpful thoughts)
self-as-context (or contact with the observer self)
contact with one's own values
committed or values-based action
ACT therapists help clients to develop these skills in order to improve psychological flexibility or respond
to difficult situations more skillfully. What is essential to the ACT approach is "workability" of doing what works.
Although the stated intention of ACT is not to "get rid of" symptoms, like anxiety and depression, the use of
these skills in daily life tends to result in a reduction in symptoms.